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Trinity News : July 2008
The Tongan National Day – 4th June Tonga is composed of 170 islands northeast of New Zealand in the South Pacific. Tonga is traditionally known as the “friendly island.” The capital of Tonga is Nuku’alofa. In comparing the geographical size of Tonga, it is roughly four times the size of the ACT. The population of Tonga is approximately 12,000 people. Most of the people of Tonga live by farming. They grow main food crops such as yams, taro and cassava. Two thirds of exports come from coconuts, bananas and vanilla beans, also crops such as pumpkin, fruits and vegetables, cocoa, coffee, ginger and black pepper. The flag is red with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner. The colours of the Tongan flag represent the following: White – Peace and Honesty; Red – Hardness, Bravery, Strength and Valor. The Tongan flag was originally identical to that of the Red Cross organisation. To avoid confusion the Tongan National flag was changed on the 4th Day. November, 1975 giving us Tonga’s National Stephen Lloyd (11Ar) The Netherlands National Day – 30th April The 30th April is Netherlands’ National Day. The Netherlands is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of The Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy. It has a population of 16 million and covers an area of 42,000 kms, which is about half the size of Tasmania. It is popularly known for its traditional windmills, tulips, gouda cheese, delftware and pottery. An old parliamentary democracy, the country is more recently known for its rather liberal stance towards recreational drugs, abortion and euthanasia. The flag is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and blue. It was originally orange, white and blue which represented the colours of the Prince’s coat of arms. After a revolution and French Conquest, there was conflict as some people used the flag with the orange stripe and others used the flag with the red strip. Eventually, on February 19, 1937, the flag with the red stripe was adopted as the official flag of the Netherlands. Andrew Arul-Anandam (10Du) Daniel Ong (10Yo) On June 12th The Philippines National Day – 12th June we remember a small country; one that is only one sixteenth of Australia in size, yet easily quadruples our populations; a country which has been under control of the Spanish, the Americans and the Japanese since the 16th century. The Philippine flag is unique, both in what it stands for, and how it can be changed in times of war. The three smaller stars represent the three core areas in the Philippines-Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao. The white triangle represents Katipunan, an organisation that fronted the revolt against Spain. The white represents peace, and purity. The blue stripe is for noble ideas, and the red for courage and bravery. Finally, the star represents the dawning of a new era, birthed by the self-determination of the population, dedicated to peace, and a country that raised itself from the ashes of the Spanish-American war. Zacharia Peters (10La) TRINITY NEWS 25